Dijkstra's Shunting Yard in Typescript

The shunting yard algorithm converts infix expressions (i.e. 1+2) into reverse Polish notation, i.e. 1 2 +, which lends itself well to execution on a stack machine. An aside: I wanted to revisit this algorithm because it was one of the first I implemented in C during self-study five years ago. In a way, reimplementing it is a way of measuring my progress since then. The internal details aren’t too complicated - it’s based on the simple pseudo-code of the Wikipedia article describing the shunting yard algorithm.